Tourism: economic, physical and social impacts Tourism is now on of the world's largest and rapidly growing industries. Many countries, attracted by potential economic benefits, have embarked upon the development of tourism. This has often taken place without an adequate appreciation of the associated costs. In this book the authors provide a a balanced discussion of the impacts of tourism. Following a brief discussion of the nature of tourism and tourists they examine the conceptual frameworks of tourism and evaluate the adequacy of impact methodologies currently in use. In the following three chapters they focus in turn on aspects of the economic, physical and social impacts of tourism. The authors also discuss new approaches to impact assessment and a rethinking of tourism impacts to include a more balanced perspective. The economic chapter considers tourism in relation to topics such as balance of payments, income and employment; the physical chapter is concerned with the effects of tourism on both natural and man-modified environments: and the social chapter looks at the effects of tourism on traditional lifestyles and the erosion of cultural heritages. A wide range of examples from developed and developing countries illustrate the points raised in the text. The authors emphasize the complexity of tourism impacts, and argue that the former stress on the economic impacts of tourism must be replaced by a more balanced approach which gives greater weight to environmental and social impacts. As more countries and communities seek the economic benefits of tourism, so they also run the risk of increasing the undesirable effects of tourism. This timely and perceptive book will be essential reading for anyone involved in tourism planning or development and it will also be widely read by students of geography, planning, economics and sociology.